VANCOUVER VEHICLE BATTERY RECYCLING 604-683-2200 HYBRID BATTERIES
VANCOUVER Battery recycling is a recycling activity that aims to reduce the number of lead batteries being disposed municipal garbage sites in Vancouver, British Columbia. Batteries in Canada contain a number of heavy metals and toxic chemicals (acid); their dumping has raised grave concern over high risks of soil contamination.
Battery recycling by type of Battery in Vancouver British Columbia
In Vancouver, BC most types of batteries can be recycled. However, some batteries are recycled more readily than others, such as lead-acid automotive batteries (nearly 90% are recycled) and button cells (because of the value and toxicity of their chemicals). Other types, such as alkaline and rechargeable, e.g. nickel–cadmium (NiCd), nickel metal hydride (Ni-MH), lithium-ion (Li-ion) and nickel–zinc (Ni-Zn),can also be recycled.
Lead-acid car batteries & such
These batteries include but are not limited to: car batteries, golf cart batteries, ups batteries, industrial forklift batteries, small motorcycle batteries, and commercial batteries. These can be regular lead-acid, sealed lead acid, gel type, or absorbent glass mat (AGM) batteries.These are recycled by grinding them, neutralizing the acid, and separating the polymers from the lead. The recovered materials are used in a variety of applications, including new batteries.
The lead of lead-acid batteries can be recycled. Elemental lead is toxic and should therefore be kept out of the waste stream.
Many cities offer battery recycling services for lead-acid batteries. In some jurisdictions, including US states and Canadian Provinces of North America, a refundable deposit is paid on batteries. This encourages recycling of old batteries instead of abandonment or disposal with household waste. In the United States, about 97% of lead from used batteries is reclaimed for recycling.
Businesses which sell new car batteries may also collect used batteries (and may be required to do so by law) for recycling. Some businesses will accept old batteries on a “walk-in” basis (not in exchange for a new battery). Most battery shops and recycling centres will pay for scrap batteries. This can be a lucrative business, enticing especially to risk-takers because of the wild fluctuations in the value of scrap lead that can occur overnight. When lead prices go up, scrap batteries can become targets for thieves.
Silver oxide batteries
Used most frequently in watches, toys and some medical devices, silver oxide batteries contain a small amount of mercury. In most jurisdictions there exists legislation to regulate the appropriate handling and disposal of silver oxide batteries to reduce discharge of mercury to the environment. Silver oxide batteries can be recycled to recover the mercury.
CANADIAN & AMERICAN BATTERY RECYCLING
The rechargeable battery industry has formed the Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation (RBRC) which operates a free battery recycling program, CALL2RECYCLE, throughout the United States and Canada. The program will provide businesses with prepaid shipping containers for rechargeable batteries of all types while consumers can drop off batteries at numerous participating collection centers. The organization claims that no component of any recycled battery eventually reaches a landfill.
A study estimated battery recycling rates in Canada based on RBRC data. In 2006, it wrote, the collection rate was 3.2%. This implies that 3.2% of rechargeable batteries were recycled, and the rest were thrown in the trash. By 2005, it concluded, the collection rate had risen to 5.6%.
In 2009, Kelleher Environmental updated the study. The update estimates the following. “Collection rate values for the 5 [and] 15 year hoarding assumptions respectively are: 8% to 9% for NiCd batteries; 7% to 8% for NiMH batteries; and 45% to 72% for lithium ion and lithium polymer batteries combined. Collection rates through the [RBRC] program for all end of life small sealed lead acid (SSLA) consumer batteries were estimated at 10% for 5 year and 15 year hoarding assumptions. […] It should also be stressed that these figures do not take collection of secondary consumer batteries through other sources into account, and actual collection rates are likely higher than these values.”
A November 2016 report claims that batteries collected in the United States are increasingly being transported to Mexico for recycling as a result of a widening gap between the strictness of environmental and labor regulations between the two countries.